The Family Rittel, later Rüdel.

Johannes Rittel helped provide the link to the family Rüdel. The Rüdels’ family originated in Horhausen in the territory of Westerwald ( Horhausen today has postal code of 56593). Johannes Rittel presumably moved from Horhausen to Bottrop at the beginningof the 19th  century. He was born on 29. July 1784 in Horhausen, to the parents, Johannes Rittel and Maria Magdalena Klein.

In May 2000 we have followed the traces of the Rittels in Horhausen in the Westerwald and in the episcopal-archieve in Trier and this is possibly the oldest ancestors to be found. The name of the Rittels varied in every church register entry we found with spelling of Rüthels, Rithel, Rüdell, Rüthel, Rietl and Riedel each as the parish priest interpreted the name. Unfortunately, we haven't found any professional detail in these church registers with our ancestors so that we don't know how our ancestors have earned their bread. 

How ever church register entries of other citizens contained, professional details. Living in this area were professions of miners, tailors, millers, farmers, charcoal burners, day-labourers, carpenters, iron smithy and teachers.  

A few kilometres west of Horhausen is the ore mine “Georg” and the pit of Georg still exists. The mine in Willroth was mined until 1965. Along the highway A3 between  Cologneand  Frankfurt signpost guides you to another witness that still stands in the landscape from the ore-mining industry, a 70 m high winding tower of the ore mining still remains to day. Perhaps our ancestors may have earned their money from mining or they may have worked in farming. However, we know from the church registers of  Bottrop that our great-great-grandfather Joannes Rittel was a charcoal burner. It is believed the charcoal was produced in the old native country to be used for smelting the iron ore 

Johannes managed a little farm in Bottrop. The Rüdels’ farm was located in the area of today's freeway-crossing Bottrop; and 200 meters north of this is still today the Waltmans farm. On the Waltmans farm my great-great-grandfather met his wife, Francisca Waltman. They married on 24. January 1808 in Bottrop.

Joannes has two 2 older brothers, Wilhelm and Christian who also moved to the region. In 1803 Wilhelm Rittel married Christiane Waltman, a relative of Francisca. Both lived in Osterfeld. 

In 1803 Christian Rittel married Agnes Waltman, a sister of Francisca. There were 2 farms.The first farm was that of Johannes and second farm, 650 m south of the 1st farm was that of Christian Rittel. Later he was called “kleine Bremer”

Now back to Joannes Rittel and Maria Francisca Waltman our first Rittels ancestors in Bottrop. The two had had 10 children. The 5th child was Ignatz Rittel, my great-grandfather, who inherited the Farm. He indicated his profession as a Pferdekötter. (which means a horse-farmer) A Pferdekötter in this area is known as one who works with horses. 

Ignatz Rittel married on 25 November 1845 to Agnes Große Boyman, a daughter of the Boyman Farm. This is the first generation that was registered in the baptismal register with the name Rüdel. The second son, Johann Ignatz Anton inherited the farm

My grandfather Bernhard Rüdel learned the profession of the lathe operator. He worked for the greatest employer in Essen, the company Krupp. I found his address, Nasse Gärten no. 14. (means water gardens) in the 1st Essener address book of 1887. Houses no. 8 -14 belonged to the company Krupp. This street doesn't exist today.

Later he lived in the Heinickestraße Nr.24 from 1891 to 1895, my mother was also born here. 

Bernhard Rüdel married my grandmother Maria Gertrud Kirschbaum on 3. June1887 .They had 3 children, Bernhard, Elisabeth, and my mother Mathilde. This is the generation of my parents. 

I know my grandfather only as a retired restaurant manager who lived in the 1st floor in Altenessen in Krabbler Street no. 136.

As mentioned, he has lived in the Heinickestraße to 1895. No more Bernhard Rüdel is reported to 1896 in  Essen. Between 1896 and 1899 he purchased a restaurant in Altenessen. His father died in 1893 and his mother died in 1899. Perhaps he has financed the acquisition of the restaurant with his inheritance. 

The first  Essenaddress book with addresses was published in 1912. Bernhard Rüdel was here in Altenessen, reported at Annastraße 136. In1916 Altenessen was incorporated to Essen. The Annastreet was renamed in Krabblerstreet. 1923 Bernhard, my grandfather, began his retirement and his son Bernhard Jr. is named for the first time as a restaurant manager in the address book. 

Bernhard Rüdel Jr. has learned to be a pastry-cook. He is found on Rüttenscheider Street no.183 in the  Essen address book from 1907. He was about 19 years old at this time. 

Bernhard Rüdel Jr. married Änne Braschoß. They had 2 children, a son Bernhard (3). and a daughter Margaret which died of blood-poisoning in the nineteen thirties. 

Bernhard Rüdel (3) married Eva Wasserfuhr in 1946. He was a dentist and operated a practice in Lensahn in Holstein. Their only son, Hans, was born 1948. He is optometrist and operates a specialist shop today in Oldenburg Holstein). 

Mathilde Rüdel, my mother, the second child of Bernhard and Gertrud Rüdel, married 1924 Heinrich Meiering, an official with the municipal authority. Both had 2 children, Gisela Katharina, and I, Heinrich Günter. Elisabeth Rüdel, the third child, married at 1922 Wilhelm Pörtgen, both had 3 children, Grete, Willi and Helga. Both operated a restaurant in Altenessen as of 1922 till 1936. 1936 they opened in Essen-Kray, Krayer-street No.302. Today, this one is still family property. Owner is Helga Helwig born Pörtgen. 

Sources: 

1. As a source for the genealogy in Bottrop the old church registers of St. Cyriacus were available. 

2. Further source was the registry office IV in Essen-Steele. I got the two death certificates of my grandparents who died in Marienheim in Essen-Überruhr.

3. I got the marriage-certificate of my grandparents from the registry office at Essen.

 

4. The church registers from St. Gertrudis were further source in Essen. I got statements at the priest's office  from the church registers. 

5. A great-great-grandmother dated from the Buschforts-farm in Gladbeck. I found this family in the church registers of St Lamberti in Gladbeck.

6. The museum and the archives of the city of  Gladbeck have family chronicles of some Gladbecker farmer  families, and the family Buschfort. The material dates from top deputy principal Dr. Bette, a Gladbecker native country researcher.  

7. However, I found most of the Rüdel-ancestors in the archives of the town  Bottrop. The material dates from the family researchers Heinrich Plöger and Karl Schophaus, which was with old Bottroper farmer families. Heinrich Plöger did not complete his work. But the information came from the church books investigated for ancestor-lines of the  single farmer sexes, as ordered in envelopes for viewing. To this, there is a book with all farmers from Bottroper-families are listed which this research results. 

8. Karl Schophaus has written concerning the old Bottrop farmers a book about every farm with a site plan, important data from the farm history as well as everyone on the farm and their weddings. Of the farms of my ancestors I have got copies of the page,  I have these sides revised and have assigned her to the single families in my chronicle. Explanations to this book then follows, information about the population like full farmers, half farmers and  Kötter is contained. (see below). In addition, Karl Schophaus has written a book for the "historical society Bottrop registered association  “Old Bottrop a representation of the former fields with the farmers and Kötter ". He has the single farms represented with the neighbors nearby surroundings, in this book. This book appeared in 1981 and for a long time is out of print. I have copied the sides in question and assigned to the single families also from this book.

 

Explanations from Karl Schophaus to the book over the farms in Bottrop

The drawings represent the situation of the farms for as well as the surroundings and adjacent neighbor-farms. As a basis the first measurements helped with the fields-elevation notes from the years 1822/23 in  Bottrop.The farmers and Kötters (Kötter is a little farmer) paid annual taxes to the lord of manor. Landowners were for the most part the noble houses Welheim, Knippenburg, Vondern,  Hove and Schlangenholt. But also the St. Cyriakus-church, the Stift Essen and the Cloister Sterkrade also had property in Bottrop. About 10 Kötter in the Fuhlenbrocker neighborhood belongs to the Hobsgut Nienhaus. The full farmers represented the old long-established-layer. They were in the possession of the bigger farms. Half farmers and Kötter took second place behind the full farmers. The Freikötter (freefarmers) sat in the Farms of the manors (Welheim and Knippenburg). 

Source: Archives of the City of Bottrop, Karl Schophaus